Wednesday, July 20, 2011

Archaeological Assessment of the Duder Brickworks in Davenport

The New Zealand Defence Force have kindly released an archaeological report of the area of Ngataringa Bay, Davenport that the R. & R. Duder Brickworks building occupied from 1890 until about 1954. The full report can be found here (8 MB). The site of the Brickworks is a Recorded Archaeological Site with The New Zealand Archaeological Association.


View R. & R. Duder Brickworks in a larger map

The following extracts give insight into the history of the site:

History of the Duder Brickworks (Packington-Hall 1992)
“The site on which the R. and R. Duder Brickworks was built is part of a block of land purchased by Mr Thomas Duder from the crown grantee, Mr William White, in 1847 for £50 (Land Transfer Office, 3A 2015, 52240C, 22/5/1847). The land was subsequently used to graze stock (Philson M. 1990:78).


In August 1875 Robert and Richard Duder obtained ownership of the land (Land Transfer Office, 3A2015,52230C, 5/8/1875), and later in the year leased a few acres to a brick maker (Philson M. 1990:78). This brick maker erected a shed on the site and proceeded to hand manufacture bricks by hands in wooden moulds (Duder H. June 9 1967) on a small scale of about 600 bricks per day (Diamond, J. Dec 1983:26). The bricks were fired in “clamps”, which consisted of layers of stacked bricks with straw fuel between each layer (Duder H. June 9 1967). After a few years of operation the brick maker left for the Coromandel gold rush and, as he owed rent on the property where his brickwork were situated the Duder brothers took the brick making business in lieu of payment (Duder H. June 9 1967).


Robert Duder subsequently hired a brick maker named Andrews on wages, and the small scale
hand manufacture of bricks continued as previously (MacKay J. 1963).


During July 1890 new facilities were opened at the R. and R. Duder brickworks (Titchener P. Apr 1978, Mar 1979:11). The new brickworks were equipped with two kilns having a capacity of 20,000 bricks each (Cyclopedia of NZ 1902:533). One of these was a “beehive” down draught type (Brickell B. June 1991) approximately 15m in diameter, the other being a square down draught kiln approximately 15m long by 10m wide. A brickworks building approximately 45m long by 10m wide was also constructed at this time. Three brick drying sheds each 120ft long completes the structural inventory… [See Plate 1]


A 6hp Tangye steam engine and boiler…provided the motive power for the brickworks (Cyclopedia of NZ 1902:533).


The low rate of production of the brick making machine suggests that it may have been an earlier man-powered machine modified for steam motivation (Diamond J. 1983:26). No further detail is known about these machines…


Sometime prior to 1924 a Siemens alternating current electric motor was installed (Crum J. 14 July 1944), and this probably replaced the previous steam plant.


Sometime between 1934 and 1936 the 100ft high brick chimney collapsed in a storm, and as R. and R. Duder had been unable to operate the brickworks on an economic basis for many years prior (Crum J. 14 July 1944), it seems likely that the brickworks stopped production at this date.
Little modernisation apart from the installation of the electric motor prior to 1924 seems to have been undertaken. The brickworks machinery and buildings in [sic] used in the middle 1930s were those installed in 1890 (Crum J. July 1944).


…In May 1942 the Army occupied the brickworks and demolished the remaining part of the chimney, taking the 1000 bricks to Camp Takapuna. The Army also demolished the brick drying sheds at this time, using the 6000 to 7000 super feet of 9” x 1” timber to construct ammunition stores (King R. 9 Dec 1942).


In July 1944 the brickworks remained intact with the exception of the chimney and brick drying
sheds. The 1890s brick and pipe manufacturing machine also remain on the site at this date (Crum J. 14 July 1944).


An aerial photograph taken in 1946 [Whites Aviation 1946 – Devonport X4066] shows only the
circular beehive kiln and brickworks building remaining on the site. The square kiln had been demolished between July 1944 and 1946.


…In February 1953 the General Government acquired the R. and R. Duder brickworks property by proclamation under the Public Works Act.


An aerial photograph dated 1955 [Whites Aviation 1955 – Narrow Neck 36937] shows the preparatory land development prior to the construction of Naval residential units, with the circular beehive kiln and the brickworks building no longer there.” (Packington-Hall 1992:18-21). [see Plates 2-3].





R. & R. Duder Brickworks Archaeological Description (Opus International Consultants Limited 2010)
The R. & R. Duder Brickworks (R11/1795) is located within the Mary Barrett Glade and above the coastal escarpment on the land previously occupied by the Wakakura naval housing estate. Packington-Hall recorded this site in 1992 following an intensive ground survey of the location and soil resistivity testing (see section 4.3 below). Packington-Hall found the physical remains of a wharf, a coastal stone retaining wall, scattered bricks and machinery parts, late-19th century domestic rubbish, a brick clamp under a large pohutakawa tree, various earthworks and possible subsurface evidence for the chimney and rectangular down-draft kiln on the grassed area above the glade (see Figs. 3-4).


The Duder Brickworks were known to have produced common and ornamental bricks, special bricks for chimney heads and basements and tiles for baker’s ovens (Packington-Hall 1992:17). They made flowers pots. Handmade garden urns and terracotta garden chairs were also produced (Packington- Hall 1992:17-18).


Major projects associated with the Duder Brickworks include the pump house and chimney at Lake Pupuke in Takapuna and the Mt Victoria reservoir in Devonport (Packington-Hall 1992:18). The house at 31 Lake Road, adjacent to the Mary Barrett Glade, is also built entirely of Duder bricks (Packington-Hall 1992:18). It was built for Mr. P. Johnson, a part owner of the brickworks and relative of the Duder brothers.

Saturday, July 24, 2010

Reunion Photos!

Photos from the reunion are now available, see the slideshow below. You also download high resolution images from here


Please leave comments so I can tag who/where/when/what the photos show. Also let me know if you don't want your name tagged, or if your photos are credited incorrectly.


2011-08-26 update: I have added a few extra photos that have recently surfaced. If anybody has more, and would like to share them, please get in touch!

Thursday, January 28, 2010

Reunion Update

We have 200 people booked for the reunion now!

All is Ready and Set to Go this weekend!

Sunday, September 6, 2009

Books

The Duder family in New Zealand, by Marianne Philson (1990).
Copies of this book now assume heritage status following advice that the original printers films have been mislaid. A few copies are still available on request from the committee at $50 (plus packaging and postage).

A History of Human Occupation of the Whakakaiwhara Block, by G. J. Murdoch (1996).
Copies of this special publication are available on order from the committee or Ian Duder at $20 (cost of photocopying, packaging and postage).

170 Year Reunion Details!

A two day family reunion will be held over the Auckland anniversary weekend, the 30th & 31st of January 2010.

Following on from previous reunions and the recent picnic at Rozel, the committee have planned a low key and low cost two-day programme.

The emphasis is on family activities that celebrate our collective family origins and 170 years of New Zealand history.

The programme is intended to give Auckland and out of town family time to travel to the reunion, mix and mingle and enjoy our heritage.

Monday is reserved for return travel or to enjoy the Auckland anniversary regatta on the Waitemata.

The feature event will be the Saturday evening ferry trip up the historic Wairoa River, to dinner at the Clevedon Hotel. The journey retraces that of the original Clevedon steamer Hirere.

We have the opportunity to take up to 90 passengers by two ferries. The ferries will leave from and return to Pine Harbour, Beachlands.

The boat return is likely to be $30 per adult, $15 per child under 14 years (children under 5 years old, no charge). Dinner at the Clevedon Hotel is likely to be $15-25 per person.

Costs will be confirmed and firm bookings will be sought in the next newsletter.

Final Programme

Saturday 30 January 2010
Duders Beach, Umupuia
11:30amWelcome, notices
12:00pmCommunal barbeque lunch, BYO shared picnic
2:30pmFamily photos
3:30pm (No Later Than This)Depart by private cars for Pine Harbour Marina
4:15pmFerries depart Pine Harbour Marina for Wairoa River evening cruise via Whakakaiwhara Point
6:00 - 6.30pmArrive Clevedon Wharf (high water 8.00pm)
6:45pmFamily dinner at the Clevedon Hotel
8:00pmFerries depart Clevedon for Pine Harbour Marina
9:30pmArrive Pine Harbour Marina


Sunday 31 January 2010
Devonport, tour of family historical sites
9:30 - 10:00amRendezvous at Devonport Yacht Club and Welcome
10:00amDevonport Heritage trail – fun for 6-60yrs
Historic Devonport waterfront, Duders wharf, store and bakehouse, family graves - Thomas Duder and Māori Chief Patuone, Duders Avenue, family houses, Masonic Hotel (soon to be developed) and more
12:00 - 1:30pmDevonport Yacht Club for lunch


Mt Victoria signal station, , R & R Duder brick works, O’Neills Point graves and more
4:00pmAfternoon tea, acknowledgements and presentations, Devonport Yacht Club or Holy Trinity Church Hall
5:00pmFamily evensong, Holy Trinity Church, Church St, Devonport

Monday 1 February 2010
Optional, own arrangement, may include

Duder Farm orienteering course   Auckland Anniversary Day Regatta – viewing points from Devonport or other vantage points around the Waitemata or on the water.


Accommodation
Make your own arrangements. Beach camping is welcome by direct arrangement with the Duder farm - Ian and Mary Duder.

Registration
A registration fee of $20 per family will be charged to cover incidental organisational costs.

Friday, June 12, 2009

Thomas Duder's Arrival in New Zealand



View from Duder Regional Park towards Duder's Beach.

It was a dark and stormy squall that drove H.M.S. Buffalo ashore on the morning of 28 July 1840.
Thomas Duder first visited Aotearoa, aboard the Buffalo in about 1833, when the ship voyaged from England to Sydney with a cargo of female convicts, then arrived in New Zealand to load up on Kauri spurs for the British navy.


On the final voyage, H.M.S. Buffalo had sailed from England in 1839 with a cargo of convicts bound for Tasmania. Following this she stopped at Sydney on the 5th of April 1840 to pick up troops, a detachment the 80th Regiment, before setting the sails for New Zealand. The ship arrived in the Bay of Islands on the 16th of April, and at Mercury Bay in the Coromandel on the 22nd of July to load some with Kauri spurs aboard for the British Navy. The ship made an attempt to depart on the 25th of July but this was thwarted by Ole King Neptune. The weather decayed further the over the following days and finally drove the ship ashore, a wreak. Two crew, Charles More & John Carnie were drowned in the ensuing destruction.


Here, 32 year old crewman Thomas Duder's of Devon, England, found himself ashore in New Zealand. He went on to became harbour signalman at Takarunga (Mt Victoria), Devonport. He kept this post from 1843 until his death in 1875 when he was 71.


Thomas brought property around the Auckland area, including 5 acres on the corner of Church st, Devonport (now home of the world famous Duder's Bay Surf Club) and 600 acres at the Whakakaiwhara Pa site, which he purchased from Ngaitai in 1866. His descendents still farm this land although much of it was sold to Auckland Regional Council and became Duder Regional Park in 1995.


Thomas married Margaret Dunne in May 1845 and had 7 children. His son, William Thomas Duder, born June 12 1846 is thought to be the first pakeha born in Devonport.